To learn what causes gum disease, the symptoms of gum disease, and the treatment options your dentist may explore, continue reading and contact our experienced dental team at the Dental Associated of Basking Ridge.
What causes gum disease?
The primary cause of gum disease is plaque. There are also other factors that can contribute to periodontal disease including the following:
- Poor oral hygiene habits may lead to gingivitis development. This includes not brushing and flossing each day.
- A family history of dental disease may cause gum disease in patients.
- Illnesses such as cancer or HIV may affect the condition of your gums because these diseases interfere with the immune system. Diabetes may also impact the condition of your gums because this disease affects the body’s ability to use blood sugar. This means that patients with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing infections, cavities, and periodontal disease.
- Medications that lessen the flow of saliva can impact oral health.
- Hormonal changes can cause periodontal disease including puberty, menopause, pregnancy, menstruation. Each of these hormonal changes can make the gums more sensitive. This makes it easier for gingivitis to develop.
- Smoking makes it hard for gum tissue to repair itself.
What are the symptoms of gum disease?
The following are symptoms of gum disease:
- Bleeding gums after brushing
- Bad breath
- Swollen and red gums.
- Receding gums
- Bad taste in the mouth
- Loose or shifting teeth
- Deep pockets between teeth and gums
How is gum disease diagnosed?
A dentist will check for the following factors to diagnose gum disease:
- Gum bleeding, swelling, firmness, and pocket depth
- The jawbone, to detect the breakdown of bone surrounding the teeth
- Teeth movement and sensitivity
- Teeth alignment
How is gum disease treated?
How gum disease is treated with vary depending on many factors. The goals of gum disease treatment are to promote reattachment of healthy gums to teeth as well as reduce the risk of infection, the depth of pockets, and to stop disease progression. Options for treatment range from nonsurgical therapies that control bacterial growth to surgery to restore supportive tissue.
If you have any further questions about gum disease, its symptoms, or treatment plans for gum disease, do not hesitate to contact our experienced dental team at the Dental Associated of Basking Ridge. To learn more about our services and how we can assist you, give our team a call today.
Contact The Dental Associates of Basking Ridge
Dental Associates of Basking Ridge is a compassionate, gentle, and professional state-of-the-art dental practice serving Basking Ridge, Morris & Somerset County. Our office is always ready to greet our patients with a smile, take the time to answer any questions, and provide the quality dental services our patients expect. Please contact us to schedule an appointment. We look forward to serving you!